Protection of mangrove forests for sustainable food security
The ecosystem of mangroves is the largest oxygen supplier on earth, along with tropical rainforests and coral reefs. The mangrove forests are also home to numerous plant and animal species. More than 95% of the food that can be extracted from the sea is produced in the mangroves.
However, the mangrove forests in Sofala, Mozambique, are subject to an ever-increasing threat (including fire, deforestation, overfishing, etc.). Due to the destruction of the mangrove population, the natural nutrient cycle is mixed, soils are increasingly sediment and erosion-threatened, and a large part of the regional animal and plant life is already threatened with extinction. As a result of the loss of the mangrove forests, many important food sources and a large number of traditional medical plants are also lost to the inhabitants. The survival of many populations on the coastal areas of Sofala therefore depends to a large extent on the stability of the mangrove forests.
The project promotes a holistic and participatory management of the mangrove ecosystem along the coasts of Sofala, which contributes to food security and the protection of the environment in the province of Sofala. Sustainable agricultural practices and income support methods are also being implemented in line with the local mangrove forests in the project area.
- Raising awareness of the value and protection of mangrove forests
- Establishment of collective nurseries near schools e.g.
- Reforestation measures with nutrient-rich plant species together with the population
- Establishment of a community center with the aim of revitalizing and disseminating local knowledge and application practices around the sustainable use of the mangrove forest
- Development of micro-projects for the improvement of food security, such as: fish farming for rearing crustaceans and shellfish; Promoting the use of environmentally friendly fisheries networks (none too fine-meshed for the protection of juveniles) for 100 fishermen; Purchase of beehives and honey processing machines for 100 families; Introduction of technologies for sustainable use of coal and wood (e.g., procurement of energy saving ovens); Cultivation of fruit tree species
- Establishment and strengthening of committees to protect river estuaries
- Regular exchange of experience on "mangrove management"
- 48,600 inhabitants of the 12 project communities at the estuaries of the Buzi and Pungue rivers; In the bay of Sofala; in the bay of Metizane and in the bay of Caleve
- 1,200 teachers and students in the above-mentioned the project areas
- 15-20 employees of GCMCRN (Association for the Conservation and Protection of Natural Resources)
- 20-30 employees of the provincial authority
- 90,000 inhabitants in the entire project region
- 160,000 inhabitants along the coastal areas of Beira